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High School Research Programs and their Impact on College Admissions

High school students have the opportunity to explore a variety of STEM fields through independent research. Whether or not you plan to pursue a STEM-related career, participation in research can benefit your intellectual growth, as well as your success in college admissions. Research offers an exciting opportunity to be creative in exploring scientific problems in new ways, strengthens your problem-solving abilities, and exposes you to potential career options. Focused research is also excellent preparation for most college courses, which require independent analysis of primary source material. In turn, admissions officers recognize the enormous commitment of time and energy required by sustained research, and highly value high school research.

 In the following, we’ll provide you with some context of why our country is giving increased attention to STEM, and how you can take advantage of opportunities to pursue STEM research in high school.


INCREASED ATTENTION TO STEM

But let’s back up a bit. For those not yet familiar with it, the acronym STEM stands for the combined academic fields of:

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This interdisciplinary grouping of academia has been receiving more and more attention in high school, college, and in the workplace Broad social and economic trends are driving an increased interest in STEM in the United States. There is a critical mass of scientists and innovators working to address complex challenges around the world, and Bill Gates serves as a powerful and visible role model. Computer coding has shifted from a geeky to sexy field, aided by the financial success of companies that rely on coding, such as Facebook, eBay and Amazon, as well as individuals who find both success and creative freedom in developing iPhone apps. Coding has advanced rapidly and high schools are offering more programing classes—Harvard’s CS50, Introduction to Computer Science, is the University’s most popular course.

In addition, academic fields have increasingly overlapped, as can be seen in emerging college majors such as neuroscience and biomedical engineering. In fact, jobs in STEM fields are projected to increase far more than other occupations in the near future.

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US Department of Education

In March 2015, President Obama initiated the Committee on STEM Education (CoSTEM) of 13 national agencies to implement a 5-year Strategic Plan for STEM Education from Kindergarten through graduate school. Obama described science as:

“… more than a school subject, or the periodic table, or the properties of waves. It is an approach to the world, a critical way to understand and explore and engage with the world, and then have the capacity to change that world…”

HIGH SCHOOL RESEARCH PROGRAMS

Many high schools across the United States offer 3-year research programs for students in 10th through 12th grades in the areas of science, math, and social science. The structure of these programs varies. In some cases, such as at Schreiber High School in Port Washington, NY there are separate classes for the different disciplines of science, social science, and math research; and in other schools, all the research students are grouped together. In addition, some high schools allow students to self-select whether they wish to participate; others have a rigorous selection process in which students must complete prerequisite courses with high grades, submit teacher recommendations, take special tests, and interview with the teachers leading the programs.

Typically, the complexity of these research programs increases over the three years of participation. Usually, students are required to conduct high-level research during the summer before senior year, write a 20-page scientific paper, and submit the research to national competitions such as Regeneron Science Talent Search (formerly sponsored by Intel), Siemens Competition in Math, Science & Technology, and ISEF (International Science and Engineering Fair).

TYPES OF RESEARCH

There is a variety of research that students can conduct. Here is a sampling of projects that earned 40 young scientists the designation of Regeneron Finalist in 2017, as well as the academic area with which each engaged:

  • Astronomy. “High Mass Planet Spiral Shocks as a Source of Infrared Emission from Protoplanetary Disks”
  • Biology. “Identification of Diagnostic Biomarkers and Therapeutic Cancer Targets Across Adenocarcinomas Using Genome-wide DNA Methylation Analyses”
  • Computer Science. “Machine Learning Tool for Detection of Small Cell Lung Cancer Stage Using Novel Nuclear Factor I/B Expression: Significantly Increase Patient Survival in Less than One Minute”
  • Electronics. “Development of a High-Performance Biodegradable Battery for Transient Electronics”
  • Mathematics. “Signatures of Stable Multiplicity Spaces in Restrictions of Representations of Symmetric Groups”
  • Oceanography. “Direct Determination of Ocean Temperature Profiles from Seismic Oceanography”
  • Social Science. “The Effect of Gender Stereotype and Stereotype Inconsistency on False Memory of Occupation Descriptions”

Students can conduct research in a variety of environments. Science research is often conducted in labs or the natural environment. Math research, on the other hand, may be conducted anywhere a student has access to a computer. And social science research can involve providing classmates or other individuals with original surveys that are then statistically analyzed.

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For local and national science competitions, students submit the results of their research through a combination of scientific papers and tri-fold presentation boards.

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For social science projects, students often conduct primary source research and enter national contests. A very popular competition for students participating in social science research is the annual National History Day Contest, in which over half a million students around the world submit an individual or group project on an historical theme that is changed each year. This year’s theme is Taking a Stand in History. The most recent themes have been Exploration, Encounter & Exchange in History (2016), Leadership & Legacy in History (2015), and Rights & Responsibilities in History (2014). Students present their work as papers, tri-fold boards, or dramatic re-enactments – see below. Other established social science contests include the International Social Science Conference for Youth, Concord Review, and Ayn Rand Institute competition.

BENEFITS OF RESEARCH TO STUDENTS

Personal Benefits

Conducting research in high school offers students significant personal and educational benefits.

  • Personal growth. Research is a complicated process, requiring follow-through, perseverance, creativity, and problem-solving. Typically, students encounter many challenges, ranging from difficulties with equipment to disproven hypotheses proven to inconclusive data. Students need to hone their patience, develop a positive attitude, and employ creative problem-solving skills in order to conclude their experiments in a successful manner.
  • Intellectual development. An important component of conducting original research is performing a thorough analysis of background literature on your research topic. Students must read many detailed scientific journal papers to understand both previous accomplishments within the field and the questions of importance yet to be researched. Throughout the process, students are introduced to more complex modes of thinking and analysis, and must stretch their intellectual faculties. In fact, the level of inquiry required by high school research is on the level of college or even graduate work.Screen Shot 2017-02-04 at 1.50.23 PM
  • Mentorship. All high school research requires that students be supervised. This presents an excellent learning opportunity in which students are exposed to experienced mentors who may be scientists, professors, or physicians. Students can observe how professionals act in real-world situations.
  • Clarifying career options. The variety of research settings–hospitals, labs, professors’ offices, nature–provide students with the opportunity to see themselves in these environments, and decide if they are a good fit for a future career. Ruling out potential careers can be just as useful as confirming a particular path.

Impact on College Admissions

In turn, college admissions officers recognize the value of high school research, and feel that the very act of completing such extensive projects speaks to a student’s passion, perseverance, intellectual capacities, and ability to handle challenges. If a student’s research efforts also result in awards, that can further enhance his or her candidacy for
college admission. For the most selective colleges in the US, achieving national-level honors and awards in a variety of competitions—such as research, language, robotics, music, and athletics—serves as a strong competitive advantage.

Additionally, there are many ways that you can integrate your research experience in your college applications. A variety of components of the application process will allow you to highlight your research.

  1. Transcript. High school research is typically a class that appears on your transcript.
  1. Activity List. Research is both an academic class and an activity, because most of your research is conducted outside of school. Include a description of your research on your Activity List, or resume; and mention any awards you have received.Screen Shot 2017-02-04 at 1.46.59 PM
  1. Recommendations. You can ask your research teacher at school, or your research mentor from the lab, to write a recommendation, if you feel they have an in-depth knowledge of your intellectual qualities. Also speak with your in-school college counselor about your research experiences so that he or she mentions them in the guidance counselor letter.
  1. Essays. You will have many opportunities to discuss your research in college essays. If your research was an extremely impactful experience, you may choose to devote your Personal Statement to a discussion of your research and its influence on you. Alternatively, there are a variety of supplemental essays that would allow you to discuss your research, such as essays on your favorite activity, how you spent your summer, or why a particular college is a good fit for you.

 

If you have questions about how you can participate in research during high school, feel free to contact us at www.collegiategateway.com. As always, we’re happy to help!

 

 

 

 

Is an MBA Joint Degree Right for You?

Due to an increasing demand for specialized education options, business schools are beginning to offer a greater variety of joint, dual, or concurrent programs. Many MBA applicants are looking to make themselves more attractive to selective employers by pursuing a degree that combines management capabilities with field-specific knowledge. Often, this involves an MBA being paired together with another graduate degree such as a law degree (JD), medical degree (MD), or doctorate degree (PhD).

Is a joint degree right for you? Collegiate Gateway is here to answer your questions, and equip you with the information you need.

What is a Joint Degree?

Sometimes referred to as a “concurrent” or “dual” degree, a joint degree is one in which a student enrolls simultaneously in two graduate programs, usually at the same school or at an affiliated university, and works towards two graduate degrees with the support of both programs. Some have a formal agreement to enable students to earn two degrees in an abbreviated period, while others even offer students the opportunity to create their own joint degree program. The University of Pennsylvania Law School, for example, allows its students to create their own programs with departments that do not have formal joint degree programs.

Importantly, students do not have to double their course load each semester while trying to complete a joint degree. Most programs allow students to focus on one degree at a time, and typically when a student takes courses in both programs, they are not expected to take more than a normal course load.

Joint degrees can be a combination of the following: law (JD), medicine (MD), doctorate (Ph.D or similar), professional masters (MPP, Ed.M), and academic masters. According to the Graduate Management Admission Council, the most popular MBA joint degree programs combine an MBA with the following:

  • Law
  • Healthcare Administration
  • Public Policy/Public Administration
  • Engineering
  • Technology
  • International studies

Is a Joint Program Right for You?

Before you consider applying, it is critically important to research the MBA joint program and come to a thorough understanding of why it would be best for you. Not only will this help you evaluate if the MBA joint degree is the best option, but it will also aid you immensely while writing your personal essay later on. Often, a good strategy is to look into the typical career paths that joint degree graduates usually pursue, and see if these careers are a good fit.

Everyone’s ambitions and circumstances are different, and there are various aspects to consider when weighing the pursuit of an MBA joint degree. Here are some important factors to keep in mind:

  • Competitive Advantage. Getting a dual degree may give you a competitive advantage in a specific field, as you would have a wider breadth of knowledge. No matter your intended profession, a strong foundation in business and management can only make you more appealing to employers and make it easier to transition to management or administration. However, if you simply want to practice in a particular field, it may not be necessary to pursue an MBA joint degree in order to be qualified to do so. For example, if you wish to practice non-corporate law, a JD degree will be sufficient, and an MBA may not be necessary. MBAs are designed for business management or administration, so if you do not intend to delve into these areas, an MBA joint degree may not the best choice for you.
  • Time Commitment. MBA joint degrees will most likely take a longer time to complete than a single graduate degree. While there may be programs that allow students to complete their degree in an abbreviated period, you should expect to stay in school longer. However, pursuing a dual degree is generally faster than pursuing degrees separately, as some courses fulfill requirements in both programs.
  • Cost. While getting an MBA joint degree would be more expensive than simply pursuing an MBA, it would be cheaper than getting a graduate degree, and then later deciding to obtain a second degree.
  • The Application Process. Typically, prospective students seeking an MBA joint degree have to complete two, or even three, applications. Students will most likely need to apply simultaneously to each graduate program, and possibly complete an additional application to the joint program itself. It is important to note that being accepted into a certain graduate program does not automatically qualify you, nor necessarily increase the likelihood of being accepted into the program with which it is paired. Acceptances into the graduate programs for a joint degree are decided separately. Applying to a less competitive program just to get into the counterpart program of a joint degree is not a recommended strategy.

Trends & Statistics of MBA joint degree programs

The various options of MBA joint degrees available has surged 54% over the past decade. However, according to the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business, which started collecting dual-degree enrollment data in 2005, the portion of MBA students enrolled in dual degree tracks has never risen above 1 percent. In fact, that percentage has shrunk, from about 0.9 percent of MBA students in 2005-06 to 0.7 percent in 2010-11.

The JD/MBA joint degree is one of the most common joint degrees, and looking at the number of students that apply for the degree may give some insight into the total number of students who ultimately choose to pursue an MBA joint degree. In the 2012 testing year, the GMAC found that only 2,364 people took the GMAT with the intention of pursuing a JD/MBA—down from 3,397 in 2009. These numbers do not account for the people who did not actually end up getting an MBA/JD.

GMAT Exams Taken by Potential

JD/MBA Applicants

Testing Year

2009

Testing Year

2010

Testing Year

2011

Testing Year

2012

Total 3397 3046 2351 2364
Non-US Citizens 943 805 529 629
US Citizens 2454 2241 1822 1735

 

JD/MBAs At Top Schools: A Rough Portrait JD/MBAs, Class of 2016 JD/MBAs, Total
Northwestern 27 70
U. Penn 14 45
Harvard 10 35
Stanford 21*
Columbia 15*
Duke 5*
UC Berkeley 1*
*Admissions’ estimate

Source: Poets & Quants

However, these numbers are not a proper indication that MBA joint degrees are on a decline. In fact, the decline may be due to a diversification of the types of MBA joint degrees now readily available, industry-specific factors, and other specialized degree offerings. In 2014, Poets & Quants found that MBA joint degrees were on the upswing. Schools such as Yale have seen an increase in MBA joint degree applicants—in 2014, Yale set a record for its percentage of MBA students taking joint degrees, with 15% adding another sheepskin to their business master’s, up from 14% the previous year. 

What kinds of MBA Joint Degrees are out there? What are the newest programs that I should be aware of?

In the last year, several top universities have added new joint degree offerings.

In September of 2014, The Klingenstein Center for Independent School Leadership—the nation’s preeminent organization of its kind, based at Teachers College, Columbia University—teamed up with Columbia Business School and with INSEAD to launch innovative MA/MBA dual-degree programs.

In October 2014, Stanford Graduate School of Business announced that it launched a new dual-degree program, where students can study for an MBA and a MA in International Policy Studies simultaneously.

In September 2015, Boston University began offering an accelerated three-year joint JD/MBA degree program similar to those at Cornell, Yale, Penn, Columbia and a handful of other schools.

The School of Hotel Administration at Cornell University has formalized collaboration with the China Europe International Business School (CEIBS) in Shanghai to offer a dual Master of Management in Hospitality (MMH) and Master of Business Administration (MBA) degree program. The program began to enroll students in the fall of 2015.

There are many differing MBA joint degree programs available from universities across the country. Collegiate Gateway has compiled a comprehensive list of all the programs available. Feel free to contact us to learn more about these programs and to discuss if an MBA joint degree program may be right for you – we are here to help!