Tag Archives: Personality

Extroverts, Introverts and… Ambiverts?

 

How would you answer the following questions?

I enjoy meeting new people at parties.                                                 [   ]  Yes   [   ]  No

I enjoy spending quiet time reflecting.                                                  [   ]  Yes   [   ]  No

In group meetings, I like expressing my opinion.                             [   ]  Yes   [   ]  No

In group meetings, I like hearing the thoughts of others.            [   ]  Yes   [   ]  No

If you answered Yes to 4 or more of these questions, you may be an…. AMBIVERT!

You have probably heard of introverts and extraverts

Most personality theories posit that you are either an introvert or an extravert.  According to the Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), the leading personality assessment in the world, extraverts receive energy from the external world of people and things; introverts receive energy from their own inner world of reflection.  The MBTI theory of innate personality types, developed by Isabel Briggs Myers, assumes that each individual has a natural preference for either introversion or extraversion, but may use the opposite approach in appropriate situations.

Extraverts: People who prefer extraversion:

  • Need interaction
  • Are often friendly, talkative, quick to get to know
  • Tend to be involved in many activities and have many friends

Intraverts: People who prefer introversion:

  • Need privacy
  • Are often reserved, take time to get to know
  • Tend to be involved in fewer activities, in more depth, and develop close relationships with fewer people

What if you have aspects of both introversion and extraversion?

Carl Jung, the psychologist upon whose theories the MBTI was originally based, identified a third personality type called “ambiverts.”  In his landmark classic, Psychological Types, he writes:  “There is, finally, a third group … the most numerous and includes the less differentiated normal man … He constitutes the extensive middle group.” Ambiverts use a blend of extraversion and introversion, depending on the mood of the individual and the needs of the situation.
The continuum below illustrates a personality continuum from introvert to ambivert to extravert.

Screen Shot 2014-12-09 at 12.04.50 PM  According to Robert McCrae, a personality psychologist at the National Institute of Aging, ambiverts represent about 38% of the population.

What are the Benefits of Being an Ambivert?

 The ability to use strengths of both introversion and extraversion has numerous benefits.

 Successful

Adam Grant, the youngest tenured professor in the history of The Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania, researched the sales staff of a software company and correlated sales revenue with degree of extraversion.  He found a “U-shaped” relationship in which sales revenue was maximized by salespeople who scored in the middle of a 1-7 extraversion scale, at 3-5.

Screen Shot 2014-12-09 at 12.09.02 PM

Flexible

In his Research Report “Rethinking the Extraverted Sales Ideal: The Ambivert Advantage,” Grant explained:

 “Ambiverts achieve greater sales productivity than extraverts or introverts do. Because they naturally engage in a flexible pattern of talking and listening, ambiverts are likely to express sufficient assertiveness and enthusiasm to persuade and close a sale but are more inclined to listen to customers’ interests and less vulnerable to appearing too excited or overconfident.”

Many psychologists emphasize the fluid nature of the ambivert.   Dr. Brian Little, world-renown personality psychologist, currently at Cambridge University, told The Huffington Post,

“Ambiverts can take the best of both. [They] have rather more degrees of freedom to shape their lives than those who are at extremes of other ends. Ambiverts are in that nice zone, in that sweet spot, where they’re able to act out of character as a pseudo-introvert or a pseudo-extravert, without paying the nervous system costs.”

Intuitive

Daniel Pink, a leading social scientist, thinks that effective leaders draw their power from their excellent sales skills in persuading and influencing employees, suppliers, funders and their board. These people can assess the needs of the situation, and act accordingly.

“We’d be far better off with those who take a more calibrated approach — who can talk smoothly but also listen keenly, who know when to turn on the charm but also when to turn it off, who combine the extrovert’s assertiveness with the introvert’s quiet confidence. In other words, when it comes to picking leaders, perhaps we should look for people a bit more like us.”

 Pink was so intrigued with the introvert-ambivert-extravert scale that he developed his own simple 18-question assessment tool 

Stable

Hans Eysenck is a German psychologist who is credited with coining the term “ambivert” in 1947. He viewed ambiverts as being the most emotionally stable of the extraversion continuum, in that they are receptive but not overly influenced by outside factors.

Wondering about your personality type?  Contact Collegiate Gateway – as always, we’re happy to help!

How Your Myers Briggs Type Can Help You Make the Right Choices!

It’s no secret that people are happiest when they choose a major, career, or even a life partner, that suits their personality, talents and ambitions. Making these choices, though, is not so simple. It requires time, reflection, and research. Your MBTI type correlates not only with the choices you make, but the ways in which you approach, implement, and reflect upon those decisions. Whether you’re choosing a major, examining career possibilities, or making any other important decision, understanding your MBTI type can help you to understand your decision-making strengths, as well as your decision making challenges. And finding a decision-making process that works best for you makes it that much simpler to reach a final decision that’s right for YOU!

Each of the four type dimensions reflects an aspect of your personality. As such, each one also influences your decision making styles. When facing a decision, Extroverts (E), for example, will often think about who else they can consult and involve in the decision, whereas Introverts (I) will prefer to think privately, at least initially, and want to be sure they need to be involved the decision. Similarly, Sensing types (S) tend to focus on refining tried-and-true methods, whereas Intuitive types (N) will consider new methods to try.

Often, the interaction between the first and last letters of your MBTI type are the most indicative of your decision-making style; for example, the manner with which you explore potential courses and majors. Extrovert-Judging types (EJ), for example, are often considered the most decisive: they want to choose a path quickly and proceed toward their goals. They seek to develop a sense of purpose, and will proceed methodically and efficiently in that direction. At the other end of the spectrum are the Introverted Perceiving types (IP), who wait to make a decision until they can consider all the options available to them. They often change their minds, and prefer that way; for them, a career path is an ongoing journey.

Being aware of your decision making style is crucially important, in that it may help you to make decisions at your pace, as well as help you to avoid the pitfalls associated with each type. The EJs for example, may run into trouble if they make a decision too quickly, and only later realize they do not possess the skill-sets or interests necessary in their chosen field; sometimes EJs need to slow down and collect more information. IPs, on the other hand, sometimes need to push themselves to make a decision, lest they slip into a pattern of hesitation and uncertainty.

Each type has a variety of strengths and weaknesses, and all four dimensions work together in more ways than are enumerated here. To learn more about your type, and your decision-making strengths and challenges, contact www.collegiategateway.com.

 

How MBTI Personality Type Can Help You Succeed in College and Careers

College is a time of choices, from majors to roommates, extracurriculars to coursework. In order to make the best choices for you, you have to know yourself. To that end, discovering your Myers-Briggs personality type is invaluable to succeeding in college and beyond.

The Four Dimension Preferences of Type

There are 16 MBTI personality types, based on four metrics of preferred personality styles:

  • Extroversion vs. Introversion (E or I): Source of energy and stimulation
  • Intuition vs. Sensing (N or S): Way of gathering information
  • Feeling vs. Thinking (F or T): Way of making decisions
  • Perceiving vs. Judging (P or J): Lifestyle preferences

Each of the 16 types exhibits unique characteristics, learning styles, and preferences. Knowing your type can help you select courses, majors, extracurricular activities, summer plans – even roommates! It can even help you improve your study habits and manage the stress of, say, finals week.

The Heart of Type

The two middle letters of your type are considered “the heart of type” and are known as your “functions”: they represent the way you gather information, and then use that information to make decisions.  These functions correlate with specific fields of study. Knowing the fields most correlated to your type may help guide your exploration. Here are a few examples:

  • People who have an “ST” personality type use the Sensing function to gather information and the Thinking function to make decisions.  STs are often the most practical and hands on types, excelling as engineers and accountants, or pursuing a skilled trade.
  • People who have an “NF” personality type use the Intuition function to gather information and the Feeling function to make decisions.  NFs may tend toward creative professions in art, music and writing, or may make use of their emotional awareness as counselors and educators.

It is important to note that despite these correlations, every type is represented in every career and field of study, and each type can be successful in any career or field or study.  Other factors besides personality may play a role in your decision to pursue certain fields or careers, such as the influence of family or culture. To learn more, contact www.collegiategateway.com.